通过念佛往生净土才是真空妙有、性相圆融?(双语开示)

[汉传人物问答] 发表时间:2018-03-13 作者:久晃法师 [投稿] 放大字体 正常 缩小 关闭

通过念佛往生净土才是真空妙有、性相圆融?(双语开示)

弟子问:

  有人说: 金刚经讲性; 无量寿经讲相。佛法的性相圆融,就是要通过念佛往生净土,这样才是真空妙有、性相圆融。所以,还是应该念佛求往生西方净土。

Question:

  The Diamond Sutra is preaching aboutthe Buddha nature or emptiness while the Aparimitayur Sutra (Sutra of Infinite Life) is teachingabout the phenomenon or the Form. The essence of Buddha Dharma is the oneness ofthe nature (or emptiness) and the phenomenon (or the form), which must berealized through chanting Buddha’s name and reborn in the Pure Landunder the blessing of Buddha. This is the only right way to realize the onenessof the nature and the phenomenon. Consequently, we should chant Buddha’s nameand pray for rebirth in the Pure Land.  Isthis statement correct?

师父(久晃法师)回答:

  这样说法是错误的。

  一、《金刚经》并没有讲过性。《金刚经》讲无住行布施、讲不着相度众生,讲这些是成佛之道。或者也可以说《金刚经》是重点讲无住、讲离相的。当然,修习《金刚经》是可以见真如本性的,否则修行《金刚经》就不会成佛道了,就不会帮助我们成就阿耨多罗三藐三菩提了。

Master Joe Hope:

  This statement is wrong! The reasons are as follows:

  Firstly,TheDiamond Sutra never preached about the Buddha nature. Instead,  the Diamond Sutra talks about thepractice of alms giving and helping all sentient beings attaining Buddhahoodwith attachment neither to the nature nor to the phenomenon. This is the onlyright way toward Buddhahood attainment. Doubtlessly, through practicing theDiamond Sutra, one will see the Buddha nature. This is why it can leadus to enlightenment, and Samyaksambodhi or Buddhahood attainment ultimately.

  二、性相圆融是指所有现象与其本性是一不是二。绝不是把东的相和西的本性拿来圆融的。这不只是对佛法不通,也是逻辑错误。

  Secondly, the oneness of the phenomenon and the naturemeans that the phenomenon and the nature are inseparable because they aresimply one. It doesn’t mean the combination or theharmony of something empty in the east with another thing exiting in the west.Despite the logic mistakes in the statement, those who hold this view simplydon’t know what Buddha Dharma is about.

  三、不仅存在上边所说的逻辑错误,同时,整篇文字也存在论述与最后的结论没有必然关系的问题,犯了推不出来而强下结论的错误。连起码的逻辑上都出这么多错了,可想而知其结论的正确性有多大可能了。

  Thirdly, The logic mistakes of the whole statementalso lie in the irrelevant conclusion, since the discussion at the beginningdoesn’t necessarily lead to the conclusion in the end.Therefore, we can easily see that the conclusion is definitely invalid.

  从根本上讲,出现以上错误知见的根源是对金刚经领悟不透,或者只是理论上学习了,还谈不上理解,更谈不上体解;或者根本没读过《金刚经》;或说就这种领悟水平卖弄文字哗众取宠还可以,根本还谈不上起用,更不能行持。初学者,或者由念佛法门刚刚转入悟般若法的佛子,常会有这个过程。其原因就是解、行未至,信力不足的问题。

  Fundamentally speaking, the reason for such blundersis the misunderstanding or utter ignorance about the Diamond Sutra. Onlyreading the theory or the words of the Sutra is far from enough, and can’t help us to achieve a complete understanding about the Sutra, let alonepractice or achieve enlightenment through the Sutra. This is a common problemwith Buddhist beginners, simply because they haven’t achieved deep comprehension about the Diamond Sutra yet.

  学佛人悟般若、见佛性、悟无生、成佛道,这是本分。学《金刚经》最终还攀求生东方生西方,这是笑话!是没真正懂得般若,没有搞懂佛法。有般若的人无佛可念,无西方可去,更不会向外驰求。只有未悟般若、贪图有为的人,才会攀缘着相,不能无住、不能离相、不能放下执着,终日常思“我”、“我”、“我”,天天考虑求、求、求。三轮不空,妄求佛道,不能成佛!对《金刚经》信力不足、解行不真的人,就必然仍存有攀缘心:攀缘法,则依赖于一个叫“法”的东西,所以念佛;攀缘境,则依赖于有西方可得,故而求生。不知道“法尚应舍何况非法。”这才是直趣无上正等正觉的大道。

  It is the duty for every Buddhist practitioner topractice Prajna so as to see the Buddha nature, to get free from the Samsaraand to achieve Buddhahood ultimately. It’s really ridiculous for one to pray for being reborn in a Pure Land afterunderstanding the true meaning of the Diamond Sutra. If one clings tosuch beliefs and behaviors, it means that he doesn’t know what Prajna wisdom is and what the true meaning of Buddha Dharmais. For those who have Prajna wisdom, there’s no Buddha to pray for, nor is there a Pure Land to be born in. Theywouldn’t be attached to anything oranyone.

  On the contrary, those who don’t know what Prajna is will definitely practice Samskrta, being attached tothe outside phenomenon and unable to put down any persistence or attachment.They think of nothing but “I”and they do nothing but crave and desire. How can they achieveenlightenment if they can’t put down the “Threefold Wheel”, that is the“I”, the “mine” and “the effort”? How can they attain Buddhahoodwithout deep belief in and true understanding about the Diamond Sutra?

  Since they don’t really understand the Diamond Sutra, they always feel the necessity tocling to something, including the attachment to Buddha or the Dharma. As aresult, they are persistent in praying to Buddha and wishing to be born in theWestern Pure Land.

  They should bear in mind what the Buddha said “Even the Buddha Dharma should be abandoned, not to mention the non-BuddhaDharma”。 Only through such practice canone attain Buddhahood ultimately.

  佛子应当克服不求甚解的毛病,切实依靠善知识,悟懂、悟透《金刚经》。悟透了,才能真正信解行证,直趣成就!佛陀让我们后世弟子要“依了义法、不依不了义法”,也是让我们当下悟道,直见真如,直成佛道。佛陀一再强调,只有做人才最适合修佛;人身难得,佛法难闻。

  As a Buddhist practitioner, one should make thetransition from a superficial understanding to a thorough and completecomprehension of the Diamond Sutra under the guidance and direction of avenerable master. Only through complete understanding can one develop complete faith,full apperception, true practice and solid confirmation, ultimately attainingenlightenment.

  The Buddha has cautioned the later Buddhistpractitioners that “Instead of the beginner’s Dharma, one should practice in accordance with the Attainment Dharma”, which shall help us see our Buddha nature directly, and lead us to theright path toward Buddhahood attainment.

  The Buddha has repeatedly stressed the importance andpreciousness of a human life, which is the only most suitable life form topractice Buddha Dharma. Just as the Buddha says that it’s a rare chance to be a human, and it is even a rarer chance to practiceBuddha Dharma.

  佛陀弘法四十九年,整个贯穿般若成就,就是让我们即生悟道、即生成就佛道,这是佛陀讲经说法的主旨。《金刚经》是让我们直趣究竟的法,是直指心性的了义法,可以直了成佛。领悟了《金刚经》就是真正领悟佛法大道,这种人怎么会再要回过头来,落入有求,求生求死呢?

  The Buddha had been preaching Buddha Dharma forforty-nine years, while Prajna wisdom is the most important point going throughall his preaching. The Buddha’s main purpose is to help us toget thorough understanding of the Buddha Dharma and achieve Buddhahood duringthis very life time. The Diamond Sutra is truly such amethod to help us see our Buddha nature and achieve Buddhahood directly.

  It is absolutely impossible for a man who has completelyunderstood the Diamond Sutra to fall back into craving for rebirth in anyland, nor is it possible for him to cling to any other desires or attachment,for he has achieved thorough comprehension of the Buddha Dharma and is a real Buddhistpractitioner toward Buddhahood attainment.   

——译者:若水隆丹 Translated byDiana Zhang

原标题:久晃法师答疑丨通过念佛往生净土,这样才是真空妙有、性相圆融?

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